“And they will be exposed to the fire day and night. Then, on the day the hour will rise (day of judgement), it shall be said to the Angels: Cast the people of the Pharaoh into the severest punishment!” (40:46)
There are many conflicting narrations regarding Yazid ibn Mu’awiyah. Some narrations describe him as being addicted to dancing, wine and music. (Al-Bidayah wa ‘l-Nihayah 11:659) He was also accused of leg’Alizing adultery. Some regard him responsible for the martyrdom of Husayn (Allah be pleased with him). Based on these narrations, some ‘ulama regarded it permissible to curse him and even passed the verdict of kufr (disbelief) on him.
There are however, other narrations that describe him as a pious and learned leader. He is also praised for his night prayers. He was very disheartened at the martyrdom of Husayn (Allah be pleased with him) and he also cursed the killer. Based on these narrations, there are ‘ulama who hold him in great esteem.
Is there a narration, which documents that Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) ever performed an ‘ibadah (worship) like reciting Qur’an, and asking Allah to forward the reward to any of his deceased relatives?
Isal al-thawab (forwarding reward to another, whether alive or deceased) is permissible and in fact mustahab (meritorious).
There are basically two forms of isal al-thawab:
The conveying of the reward of charitable deeds.
The conveying of the reward of physical deeds that do not entail wealth, e.g. salah, fasting, dhikr, recitation of the Qur’an, circumambulation (tawaf) of the Ka’bah, etc.
By Shaykh ‘Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah Translated by Mawlana Muhammad Mohamedy
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Acquire knowledge, and acquire tranquility and dignity in order to acquire knowledge. And remain humble before whom you acquire knowledge” (al-Jami’ al-Saghir)
A student’s humility before his teacher
In explaining the words of Allah’s Messenger (upon him be peace); “And remain humble before whom you are acquiring knowledge”, ‘Allamah al-Munawi (Allah have mercy on him) writes: “Knowledge cannot be acquired accept with humility and listening attentively. A student’s humility before his teacher is a cause of his [the student's] rise in status, his humility before him is a cause of his greatness. The great scholar and Imam – ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) – despite being a very great person and a close relative to the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace), took hold of the reins of Zayd ibn Thabit (Allah be pleased with him) [as a way of showing respect to him]. And he ['Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas (Allah be pleased with him)] said to him: ‘This is how we have been ordered to treat our ‘ulama.’ Zayd (Allah be pleased with him) then kissed the hand of ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) and said: ‘This is how we have been ordered to treat the family of our Prophet.’”
I find the book Fadha’il al-A`mal [of Shaykh Muhammad Zakariyya al-Kandhalwi] informative in explaining themes through ayah of the Qur’an and ahadith. However, I find some of the other material very strange. For example, in Fadha’il al-Salah, it says that ’Allamah Ibn ‘Abidin al-Shami (d. 1252 H / Allah have mercy on him) prayed a thousand nafl rak’ah every day. How is this humanly possible in a 24 hour day (if each rak’ah where to take 1.5 minutes on average, then he would be praying 25 hours a day of nafl salah!)? Also, it talks about a boy who fasted every day till he was reduced to a skeleton and prayed all night and then died. As unbelievable as this is, is such an act not against the Shari’ah (which teaches moderation)? Where do these and other such statements come from? By no means do I wish to attack this work. I merely seek clarification and verification of the authenticity of such statements.
To acquire knowledge under the expertise of a fully qualified, Sunnah conscious ‘alim of deen is absolutely essential. Failure to do so generally results in absolute misguidance. In fact, this has been the practice of the anbiya‘, as well as our pious predecessors.
The Qur’an was revealed by Allah for guidance and knowledge of the ummah. But, without the explanation of Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) the meanings would definitely be misunderstood. Allah addresses the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) in the Qur’an, “And we have revealed to you the Qur’an, so that you may explain to the people what was revealed to them.” (16:44) This is the greatest, most evident proof for our view. Continue reading →
By Shaykh Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhalawi Translated by Shaykh Yusuf Karaan
A few words have already been mentioned in Fadha’il al-A’mal about the Ramadan practices of Shaykh al-Hind Mawlana Mahmud al-Hasan Deobandi (Allah have mercy on him). Shaykh al-Islam Mawlana Husain Ahmad Madani (Allah have mercy on him) writes in his book Safarnama Aseer Malta:
“Because of the fact that Ramadan in Ta’if (Saudi Arabia) was a time of great unrest and upheavals, people could not obtain the necessary foodstuffs they needed and neither could they perform the tarawih salah in the mosques. The masjid of Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) is the largest masjid in the area and even there too tarawih was performed of the last ten surahs. Even then too very few people attended, while the rest either prayed in their local masjids or at home.