By Shaykh al-Hadith Mawlana Fadl al-Rahman al-A’zami
Translated by Hafiz Muhammad Karolia
The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and grant him peace) awakening during the night [of the 15th of Sha'ban] and visiting the graveyard is recorded in some [of the previously mentioned] ahadith. However, visiting of the graveyard is not a special characteristic of this night. Instead, it is proven from another authentic narration that Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) would visit the graveyard during the last portion of every night.
Many ahadith have been narrated extolling the virtue of the 15th of Sha’ban. Amongst them is the narration of Mu’adh ibn Jabal (Allah be pleased with him) that Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, “Allah turns to his entire creation on the fifteenth night of Sha’ban and forgives all of them except one who ascribes partners to Him and one who harbors enmity in his heart.” This hadith has been recorded by Imam al-Tabrani in his Mu’jam al-Awsat (hadith no. 6776) and Mu’jam al-Kabir (20:108-109).
Imam Ibn Hibban (Allah have mercy on him) has classified this narration as sahih (authentic) and has included it in his book (Sahih ibn Hibban, 12:482). Hafiz al-Haythami (Allah have mercy on him) has mentioned that all the narrators of this hadith are reliable (Majma’ al-Zawa‘id, 8:65).
عن عائشة قالت فقدت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ليلة فخرجت فإذا هو بالبقيع فقال أكنت تخافين أن يحيف الله عليك ورسوله قلت يا رسول الله إني ظننت أنك أتيت بعض نسائك فقال إن الله عز وجل ينزل ليلة النصف من شعبان إلى السماء الدنيا فيغفر لأكثر من عدد شعر غنم كلب
Narrated by ‘A’ishah (Allah be pleased with her): I missed Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) during the night and found him in al-Baqi’. He said: Were you afraid that Allah and His Messenger would deal unjustly with you? I said: Allah’s Messenger, I thought that you had gone to some of your other wives. He (the Prophet) said: Verily Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, comes down to the heaven of the world in “the middle night of Sha’ban” and forgives sins even more abundant than the hair of the goats of Kalb. (Sunan al-Tirmidhi, 1:670, Sunan Ibn Majah, 2:1379)